New backmark/uniform button!!
C. Hemsley, Sydney:
Charles Richard Hemsley (1839-1926) was an importer of ‘Men’s Mercery’ in partnership with John Gard as ‘Gard and Hemsley’ from 1869-1971. He continued the business own his own at 390 George Street, Sydney and advertised as supplying uniforms. In 1880 the business was bought by Gowing Brothers. the business continued under the name of ‘C.Hemsley’ until 1895 at 43 Erskine Street.
Sydney Morning herald, 11th February 1876.
New tailor’s button:
Ball & Welch, Melbourne:
Whilst I don’t remember this firm, my husband does. I must be a smidge too young.
Charles Ball and his nephew William Henry Welch started a store on the gold fields of Vaughn, near Castlemaine, in 1853.
The Herald, 23rd January 1945.
According to a newspaper story, the drapery side of things was really started by their wives. Over the years they dissolved the partnership and restarted it a couple of times, which is a little confusing. In 1870 they started a branch in Carlton, Melbourne. Mr Ball died in 1876 in Carlton. As Vaughn declined, that store was relocated to Castlemaine in 1882. The Carlton store declined, so a new Emporium was built in Flinders Street. It opened in 1899, but Mr Welch had died in 1896.
The Australasian 2nd September 1899.
The Frankston store, circa 1950s
Members of the family continued to run the business and in 1935 it was listed on the stock exchange.The firm expanded into Sydney and around Melbourne’s suburbs. It was Melbourne’s leading draper in its heyday. In 1970 it was taken over by George’s. Luckily , the Facade in Flinders Street has been preserved.
Celebrity note: Norm Everage, husband of Dame Edna, was an accountant at Ball and Welch.
More tailor’s buttons:
Cragie & Co, Melbourne:
William Cameron Craigie senior ran his tailoring concern from 1889 at 265 Little Collins Street. The button is just marked ‘Craigie & Co’ but the business was actually called ‘W. C. Craigie & Co’, and in 1933 was listed as a propriety limited company with his son Alexander Thomas Craigie. It continued after his death in 1936, last mentioned in the newspapers in 1941.
The Herald 27th June 1940.
W. P. Manson & Co, Melbourne:
In 1922 William Peter Manson finished his partnership of ‘Woods & Manson’ and bought a tailoring business at the corner of Bourke and Queens Street. He registered it as a propriety limited company in 1929 along with George Thomas Pender Gibbs. it was still trading in 1954.
The Argus, 13th April 1954. “Where Men Shop”, what more can you say?
New tailor’s buttons:
A.E. Barber, Coburg:
Albert Ernest Barber (1891-2973) moved his business to 438 Sydney Road, Coburg in 1935. By 1942 he had moved down the road to 694 Sydney Road, Brunswick.
C. J. Lane, Melbourne:
Charles James Lane (1869-1925) advertised at Flinders Lane in 1888. from 1892-1896 he was the manager of the Woollen department of the Mutal Stores. In 1896 he purchased a mercery and tailoring business at 230 Collins Street where he operated until moving to the corner of Elizabeth Street and Flinders Lane around 1917. Circa 1921 he may have sold the business (which was still advertising in 1933) and became a wool broker and importer. He was heavily overdrawn to his bank in 1921-2. In 1924 he sued his bank for damages for erroneously dishonouring a promissory note. Although he was awarded 1000 ponds, perhaps the previous years of stress had taken their toll, for he died the next year, aged only 56 years.
Melbourne Punch, 10th September 1896.
Melbourne Punch 28th January 1897.
Demetre and Leda cards:
The cards look similar, don’t they?
Brisbane Tramways by A.J. Parkes:
In 1878 a Royal Commision into the linking of the Southern and Western railways in Queensland was told that railway in Brisbane would cost 14,000 pounds per miles whereas road tramways would cost 3400 to 8000 pounds per mile. The next year a ‘Brisbane Railway and Tramway Company and also a “Brisbane Steam Tramway Company” were being proposed. However, due to legal concerns about the saftey and ammenity of steam engines and/or raised rails upon roads, the issue was delayed. Some felt the government, not private concerns, should build such a service. It took until 1882 before legislation was passed allowing the construction of a tramways, and then until December 1883 before the ‘Brisbane Tramway Company’ was registered. Even then, it remained a contentious issue and it was not until May 1884 that construction commenced. Official serviced commenced on the 10th August 1885 by horse drawn tram owned by the ‘Brisbane Metropolitan Tramway and Investment Co.’ Unfortunately, only 6 weeks later the first fatality occurred when an employee was run over.
The first item of uniform provided to tramwaysmen was a cap. It took some years for matching tunics and trousers to be supplied. The first mention of tramways uniforms in the newspapers was in 1899.
Electric trams ran from June 1897 although horse-drawn trans were in use until 1899. With competition from buses and private cars the service became uneconomical by 1948 and was wound down; the last services running on 13th April 1969.
State Library of Queensland
New find: Volunteer Cadet Corps by Lincoln Stuart & Co:
I am glad to finally have a button from this tailor. I have previously shared an image of a button from carol’s collection from the same Cadet Corps, but made by Stokes & Martin. This one dates from 1889 until 1901, from when Lincoln Stuart & Co was registered until the death of Queen Victoria.
Published in the Bulletin, 24/12/1914.
Women’s Royal Australian Army Service (WRAAC):
In WW2 the Australian Women’s Army Service was raised. Many senior personnel from this transferred to the WRAAC in 1951, which was raised in response to the shortage of manpower that occurred due to the Korean conflict and also a period of full employment. Recruitment started in 1953. The women were trained separately, but could be deployed either to WRAAC units or male units. It was disbanded in 1984 as women had begun to be integrated into the general army from the late 1970s.
The caps haven’t changed, but the hemlines sure have!
This article appeared on the 6th April 1947 in the Daily Telegraph (Sydney). The buttons are apparently all Australian made, but it is not stated by whom. I don’t recognise any of them … but I wish I had them all. Sigh. Note that it states that pre-war buttons were utility in nature and made of casein. These buttons include casein,perspex and metal.
City of Melbourne, Stokes & Sons:
This is only one of several designs used over the years using details from the coat of arms. From the City of Melbourne Collection:
We know that buttons are interesting, but did you know they could be subversive?
Northern Star (Lismore) 23rd September 1950.
One piece brass Queensland Scouting button by A.J.Parkes.
New tailoring button: Reg Taylor, Moonee Ponds
Unfortunately, the only record I could find was of the sale of the business.
The Argus, 23rd November 1922.
Referring to my post from the 30th October, Carol has shared with me apictures of similar ‘ceramic’ buttons. We’d love to know who made then and when. They do have a 1950s look and possibly were made in Melbourne.
New NZ buttons:
General Plastics (and their predecessors) produced buttons in both Australia and New Zealand from the 1930-40s (see the NZ and General Plastics pages for more details). Below are 3 variations of branding/printing on Beauclaire style cards:
And here are some more photos showing styles and colours:
Sorry it is hard to see, but these are dark green.
The buttons on the right are burgundy.