Branded buttons: tailors’ buttons (A-H)

Here we showcase tailoring buttons, from the individual to  large emporiums such as The Leviathan. The buttons are listed alphabetically as the names were printed onto the buttons.

A. Boswarrick, Melbourne:

Arthur Boswarrick, originally from Ballarat, (1867-1944) was a tailor in Sale, Victoria, in partnership with Mr Herbert Phillips. They ended their partnership in 1889, with Arthur continuing alone. Unfortunately the business failed the following year. He moved to Melbourne by 1891 and by 1893 he was advertising for employees for his “Eclipse Tailoring Company” in Sydney Road, Brunswick. He was involved in the local council and also local sporting clubs.  His first wife died in 1904 and his second wife in 1909, only days after giving birth. How sad.

A. Bowley & Company, Melbourne:

Mr. Alfred Bowley. He was mayor of Camberwell in 1911-1913.

As  a naval and military uniform outfitter in Flinders Lane, Melbourne, they were importing items such as buttons from London from before federation.  The company continued to at least 1956.  Alfred Bowley had died in 1945.

from a larger article published in The Age, 26th September 1936

From a larger article published in The Age (Melbourne),  26th September 1936.

Mount Alexander Mail (Vic) 22nd december 1899

Mount Alexander Mail (Vic),  22nd December 1899.

The Argus(Melbourne),  26th April 1945.

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Back of MFB (Melbourne Fire Brigade) uniform button that specifically indicates it was made in England.

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The above button of the Commonwealth Cadet Corps is from Carol’s collection. It dates from 1901-1910 (Edward VII) but is not marked as to where it was made. The infantry button (also from Carol’s collection) is marked BOWLEY & CO  MELBOURNE.

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From an auction advert.

Above: Carol tells me this style button was for nurses uniforms.

From Museum Victoria: Officer’s Full Dress jacket c.1904 with brass buttons marked ‘Bowley & Co Melbourne”.

A.E. Barber, Coburg:

Albert Ernest Barber (1891-2973) moved his business to 438 Sydney Road, Coburg in 1935. By 1942 he had moved  down the road to 694 Sydney Road, Brunswick.

A. E. Barlow, Parade, Norwood:

Arthur Edgar Barlow (1878-1957) ran “The Norwood House For Men’s Wear” from c.1915-1943 in the Parade, Norwood.

The Mail, 5th June 1915.

A. G. Adams, Melbourne:

Alfred George Adams (1849-1921) split from partnership with Isaac Bowley in 1903. from 1904-1912 he advertised his tailoring business as ‘A. G. Adams” at 13 Block Arcade, Melbourne.

Benalla Standard, 17th Jun 1902. Love it!

A. G. Parker, Adelaide:

Alfred George Parker headed this business from 1921-c.1950. He was also involved in a miniature railways company and a concrete company.

Advertiser, 2nd May 1921.

A. J. Dangerfield, Broken Hill:

Mr Dangerfield 1927

His business was located in Oxide street from 1917. In December of 1935 he was in a car accident, which lead him to leave tailoring. He became the proprietor of Broken Hill Motors. Albert Joseph Dangerfield lived in Broken Hill from 1896 until 1947 when he moved to Sydney. 

Alf. C. White, Ballarat:

Wouldn’t you be annoyed if you name was Alfred Ernest White (1867-1928), but your buttons were incorrectly inscribed? I Hope he got a discount!

His tailoring shop was located at 112 Sturt Street from 1898 when he renamed his father’s previous business ( T. W. White & Co.) until 1903. After this he was a cutter for John Snow & Company for 10 years before opening a new establishment at 102 Sturt Street. In 1919 he was elected as a local councillor. he was involved in the YMCA, the church, bowls and cricket.

Alston & Brown, Melbourne:

Mr Alston was born in Glasgow and came to Melbourne in 1852. In 1857, due to the retirement of his previous partner, Thomas Alston went into partnership with William White Brown selling clothing and drapery. They became known as very fashionable, high class drapers in Collins Street until they closed the business in 1888. Mr Alston was to become a director of various companies and public institutions and a J.P. He died on Christmas Day,1907.

The article below was published in the Australasian, 12th July, 1884.

Andrews & Son, North Melbourne:

This concern advertised from 1895-1914 at 226 Victoria Street, North Melbourne.

North Melbourne Courier and West Melbourne Advertiser 21st February 1902.

A. N. Lovick, Adelaide:

News, 10th April 1924.

Allan Andrew Nesbit Lovick was born in Banbury, England in 1880 and died in Adelaide in 1944. A. N. Lovick & Co were tailors located in King William Street from c.1923 through to 1938.

News (Adelaide), 26th March 1924.

News (Adelaide) 12th December 1936.

Archer & Cottrell, Richmond:

Camberwell and Hawthorn Advertiser, 3rd Jan 1914.

 From around 1911 Denis Cottrell and John Harry Archer advertised as high-class tailors in Swan Street, Richmond. Sadly, in 1912 at the age of only 26 years, Denis died in hospital. Archer continued under the name of ‘Archer & Cottrell” until 1914, then continued as ‘Archer’s’ until  around 1937, two years before his death in 1939. He had been a former treasurer and president of Richmond football club, and a life member.

Camberwell and Hawthorn Advertiser, 3rd Jan 1914.

 

    

A caricature of ‘Jack’ Archer in 1931.

Arthur L. Atterton, Adelaide:

Photo from State Library of South Australia collection, 1928.

In 1931 he opened a second store at Bowman Arcade, closing the original store two years later.

News, 12th October 1954.

A.S. Austen, Melbourne:

Arthur Scott Austen( 1890-1960) operated his tailoring business from Howey Place, and later The Block Arcade, Collins Street from 1920, after the dissolution of a previous partnership, until 1943. He was very involved in  Red Cross and Legacy. In 1946 he joined the Victorian Soldier Settlement Commision.

Ashmans, Bendigo:

W. G. Ashman

 William George Ashman (1870-1944) started as a tailor in High Street, Eaglehawk circa 1891.  In 1908 he admitted into partnership  his brother, Arthur Thomas Ashman, as “Ashman Bros. tailors, hatters and mercers”, but by 1915 the partnership was dissolved. William continued as W.G. Ashman “The Northern District Tailors” and Arthur moved to Bacchus marsh to run his own business, although he moved back to Eaglehawk in 1918.

Bendigonian, 16 December 1915.

 William had some trouble along the way. In 1901 he has to give up all his assets to creditors. In 1909 he was sentenced to 6 weeks gaol for buying gold without a licence; the authorities clamping down on this practice due to its link with gold stealing.

In 1936 William registered a new company of Ashman (William George) and Sons Pty Ltd with his sons William Basil, Eric Raglus, John Osbourne and Charles Kenneth. This business was in liquidation in 2007.

Ben Cohen, Melbourne:

Benjamin Cohen (1853-1935),  tailor and outfitter, operated from 252 Collins Street from around 1902, then the Flinders Building in Flinders Street from around 1911. In 1920 he was listed in the Eastern Arcade. The Eastern Arcade no longer exists, but ran from Lt Collins Street to Bourke Street in between Russell and Exhibition Streets. In 1922  a Ben Cohen was arrested for running an illegal betting house in the Eastern Arcade, so presumably in was the same man.

Bidencopes Ltd., Hobart:

Joseph Bidnecope,  tailor and mercer,  advertised for tailors to work for him as early as 1861.  He was born in Poland and moved to Hobart in 1858.  The business was a  successful fashion house,  as well as supplying naval and military uniforms.  They became well known for their hats.  Two sons would join the business.  He was still working when he died in 1915,  aged nearly eighty years.  His grandsons would sell the business in 1977.

The Mercury (Hobart), 11th April 1921.

The Mercury (Hobart),  31st March 1921.

“WHERE THE GOOD HATS ARE”

Bright & Hitchcock, Geelong:

William Hitchcock (1811-1867) emigrated from Devonshire, England, to Geelong with his sons George Michelmore (1831-1912) and Walter Michelmore Hitchcock (1833-1923). They started a drapery business , Hitchcock Brothers & Co., between 1850-52. They went into partnership in 1853 with William Bright (1803-1875) under the name Wm. Bright & Co. 

After Bright retired around 1857 they changed the name to Bright & Hitchcock. The company was listed in 1950. It was sold and re-sold in 1959, 1968, 1969 and 1976 then closed in 1979. Since that the building has been subdivided into smaller shops.

Geelong Advertiser, 18th July 1923. Mr W. M. Hitchcock.

Geelong Advertiser, 8th May 1912. George M. Hitchcock.

 

Leader, 12th August 1893.

realestate.com   circa 1940

Burkby and Waggen,  Sale:

Frederick James Burby and his son-in-law, Vincent St.Clair Wagglen, took over a tailoring business in Sale in 1923.

Gippsland Times, 12th March 1923.

Less than 18 months later they dissolved the partnership, with Mr Wagglen continuing alone.  There must be a sad tale underlying this, as he only kept the business going for another two years before starting again in Sunshine. This business in turn only lasted for around 3 years. In the following years he was separated from his wife then in 1941 he died at the young age of 50 years.

C. A. Jago,  South Melbourne:

Charles Arthur Jago (1893-1955),  in partnership with his uncle,  Holmes Gillman Jago,  were merchant tailors in Bank Street.  His uncle retired in 1927.

Published in the Record, 4th September 1908.

Possible original premises in Bank Street.

189 Bank Street, the advertised new premises.

Capon & Montgomerie, Melbourne:

In 1902 Messers Capon and Montgomerie were delighted to announce their new tailoring store in Collins St. Walter William store has previously managed the Mutal Store.

The Herald, 11 Sep 1913.

Norman Leslie Mongomerie, supposedly the best dressed man in Melbourne, died in 1926 aged 55 years. After this the business was sold to Walter Arnold Walker who continued trading under the Capon & Montgomerie name, but had to sell everything to pay his creditors in 1927. After his partner’s death Mr Capon continued as an outfitter until his retirement. He lived in Camberwell and died in 1941.

Norman Montgomerie, 1925

C. Anderson,  Sydney:

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Charles Anderson, circa 1900.

NSW military brass uniform button dated 1881-1901. made by C.Anderson, Sydney

N.S.W. military brass uniform button dated 1881-1901 made by C. Anderson, Sydney.

From the Australian War Memorial collection: “Original mounting board and paper containing 24 large size (24mm diameter) Australian Commonwealth buttons. All the buttons are identical and un-issued and have the British Monarch, Edward VII’s royal cypher under a King’s crown, and the words ‘AUSTRALIAN COMMONWEALTH’ around the bottom edge. The reverse has stamped ‘ANDERSON SYDNEY BRITISH MAKE'”. Dated 1936.

Charles Anderson was born in 1838. He came to Australia from Scotland about 1880 with his wife Mary-Jane. He established a large hat factory on the corner of Nicholls and Albion Streets, Surry Hills, next to his home, Durham Hall. The business had it’s beginning a decade pre- federation importing hats and was initially called the ‘New Federal Hat Mills of Sydney’. From as early as 1895 he was described as a “military tailor”. The company was registered as ‘Charles Anderson and Company Limited’ in 1903 and was called ‘Anderson’s Industries Limited’,  by the time of his death in 1924. They supplied uniforms, trimming and buttons for the armed forces and police. Examples, like the above one,  are found in the Powerhouse Museum and Australian War Memorial collections. Here is an exert from N.S.W. tenders showing orders for buttons from the company in 1910.

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New South Wales tramways uniform buttons. Note the “British Make” , this indicates that the buttons were sourced from English makers.

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NSW Mounted Rifles 1892-1901 motto “TOUJOURS PRET”( Always Ready). Backmark: C. Anderson Sydney.

Chapman & Rogers, Adelaide:

George Chapman (1847-1928) came to south Australia as a two year old in 1849. In 1861 he was apprenticed as a tailor. he later worked for Shierlaw & Co. In 1892 he went into business with Charles Rogers at 117 Gawler Place. The partnership lasted until 1918 when he continued with his son. George was very keen sportsman, particularily football, cricket and swimming.

The Advertiser, 20th July 1926.

News 30th December 1927.

His son, George W. Chapman, was also a sportsman, with a love of baseball.

The Advertiser, 1933. G. W. Chapman.

Chas. Lane & Co, Melbourne:

Charles Lane ran a high class tailor’s in Flinders Street from 1902 until the business was absorbed into the business of a neighbouring tailor’s in 1929.

Table Talk, 5th April 1917.

On the label “Chas. Lane & Co. Pty.Ltd. Elizabeth St. Melbourne.

The Herald, 28th Oct 1921.

C. J. Lane, Melbourne:

Charles James Lane (1869-1925) advertised at Flinders Lane in 1888. from 1892-1896 he was the manager of the Woollen department of the Mutal Stores. In 1896 he purchased a  mercery and tailoring business at 230 Collins Street where he operated until moving to the corner of Elizabeth Street and Flinders Lane around 1917. Circa 1921 he may have sold the business (which was still advertising in 1933) and became a wool broker and importer. He was heavily overdrawn to his bank in 1921-2. In 1924 he sued his bank for damages  for erroneously dishonouring a promissory note. Although he was awarded 1000 ponds, perhaps the previous years of stress had taken their toll, for he died the next year, aged only 56 years.

Melbourne Punch, 10th September 1896.

Melbourne Punch 28th January 1897.

C. Hemsley, Sydney:

Charles Richard Hemsley (1839-1926) was an importer of ‘Men’s Mercery’ in partnership with John Gard as ‘Gard and Hemsley’ from 1869-1971. He continued the business own his own at 390 George Street, Sydney and advertised as supplying uniforms. In 1880 the business was bought by Gowing Brothers. the business continued under the name of ‘C.Hemsley’ until 1895 at 43 Erskine Street.

Sydney Morning Herald, 11th February 1876.

C. K. Moore, Sydney:

Charles Kelso Moore (1834-1894) was an Irishman and merchant who lived in Sydney from 1859 onwards. His business supplied tenders for the public service and Post Office. He was very involved in public life, running as Major for Waverley, as well as being involved in the New South Wales Rifle Brigade and the Royal Sydney Yacht Squadron.

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Queanbeyan (NSW), 30th October 1873.

Clayton and Croucher,  South Melbourne:

Published in Record, 1926

Published in Record, 1926.

All I can find is that these gentlemen were tailors/clothing manufacturers operating from the corner of Docas and Clarendon Streets, South Melbourne, in about 1925-27.

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C. Ledlin, Bathurst:

Bathurst Times 29th April 1913.

Charles Christopher Ledlin was a cutter for E.J. and D. Curran for 10years before leaving to work on his own at 119 George Street in Bathurst. He was also a hotel owner. he died in 1947 at the age of 78 years.

Cook, Son & Co. Ltd, Hindley Street Adelaide:

Daily Herald, 13th October 1919.

The back entrance of the store.

John’s son Filmer Wesley Cook, in 1939.

John Cook (1868-1948) was associated with the firm of ‘James Marshall & Co’ for 27 years, then was in the partnership of ‘Threlfall & Cook’. In 1914 ‘Cook, Son & Company Limited started. John Cook bought the business of Mr Harry Stephen Thwaites in Hindley Street and opened a “up-to-date tailoring, mercery, and clothing store”, renamed Cook, Son & Co.  He ran it with  his son, Filmer Wesley Cook, and partners William John Gilmour and Ralph Dillon Radford. They had an extensive mail order service.

Harry Stephen Thwaites. 1930.

 

Filmer Wesley Cook. 1942.

 

Ralph Dillon Radford. c 1915.

Cragie & Co, Melbourne:

William Cameron Craigie senior ran his tailoring concern from 1889 at 265 Little Collins Street. The button is just marked ‘Craigie & Co’ but the business was actually called ‘W. C. Craigie & Co’, and in 1933 was listed as a propriety limited company with his son Alexander Thomas Craigie. It continued after his death in 1936, last mentioned in the newspapers in 1941.

The Herald 27th June 1940.

Cramond & Dickson, Warrnambool:

In 1855 John Glass Crammond (1831-1910) and James Dickson ( 1831-1910)  started a general store specialising in drapery imported from London. The partnership was dissolved in 1886, with the business staying with the Dickson family until 1974.  It was the oldest store in Victoria trading under its original name.  James Dickson junior, who married the daughter of the co-founder, would manage the business after his father.

Sadly, the store has been demolished. For further information, seehttp://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/dickson-james-5978 andhttp://www.picturevictoria.vic.gov.au/site/corangamite/wmbl/8723.html .

C.R. Hiam, Balaclava:

The name is rather worn.

Charles Robert Hiam (1855-1924) established his tailoring business in 1887 in Carlisle Street,  Balaclava having previously worked for Gissing and Co. He advertised “cricketing and sporting garments made to order” and was at one time “the oldest established tailor in St Kilda.”

C. R. Martin, Melbourne:

 

The Age (Melbourne), 3rd July 1884.

Charles Roper Martin (1833-1910) arrived in Melbourne in 1852 on the same ship as my husband’s great-grandfather. In 1885 he established an importing business in Flinders Lane, particularly gold and silver lace. He was a pioneer of the Melbourne Cavalry Troop, and rose to the rank of Commanding officer, retiring with the rank of Major. His interest in military matters extended to importing/manufacturing of military trappings. The button above shows a Queen Victoria crown and was produced for the Queensland Railways. The one below is apparently a Queensland Volunteers uniform button.

David Campbell, Warracknabeal:

David (Davy) Campbell described himself as a Scotsman, but was born in Melbourne in 1875. He came to Western Victoria circa 1899 where he ran a tailoring business, first in Warracknabeal, then Horsham, then Dimboola before moving back to Melbourne. He died in Yarraville in 1945. He must have had quite a sense of humour ( and a ‘thing’ about camels)… just look at his advertising!

16th Jan 1914.

5th May 1914.

7th July 1914.

25th September 1914.

26th Oct 1915.

2nd Nov 1915.

7th February 1919.

18th July 1919.

Davies & Leon,  Melbourne:

The Herald, 8th August 1940. The tailors were enlisting (“joining the The Colours”) and so sold their stock to Myer’s.

D. J. Humphreys, Sydney:

Mr D.Humphrey was listed as a tailor in Sydney from around 1863-1883.

Evening News, 28th June 1883.

Dobinson, Kyenton

William and his son Judson Dobinson were engaged in “the study of the philosophy of dress in all its ramifications” from 1852 in the ‘Hall of Commerce’,  and Alex Piper Street, Kyneton. They were drapers, outfitters, miliners, dressmakers, tailors and mercers, importers, wholesale and retail. William retired in 1866. The firm was known as Daniel and Dobson from 1873-1880 then the firm became A. & J. Dobinson around 1880,  the sons Judson and Alex continuing the business in Kyenton and Echuca.

Above: from the Leader, 16th September, 1893.

Picture from the Weekly Times, 1st December 1900

E.J. & D. Curran, Bathurst:

Edward J. Curran (originally Curren) was originally a cutter for W.G. Ward in Bathurst. He set up his own business, Curran and Taylor, in 1892,  then E.J. & D. Curran (with his brother Daniel) in 1895, which was very successful.

The building of E.J. and D. Curran, Bathurst.

National Advocate (Bathurst), 1st April 1932.

This remarkable man went back to school, studying science and law, and worked as a Barrister in Sydney. He then studied medicine, and went on to establish the Opthamologly Department at Kansas University, USA, becoming known as “the miracle man of Kansas”, and was a pioneer in the area of glaucoma. He was also the Professor of Human Anatomy and Physiology at the Kansas University. Not bad for a tailor! He died in 1962.

E. Thomas, St Kilda:

Mr Elijah Thomas, tailor and outfitter of Grey Street,  St Kilda. According to the information found in http://www.historyaustralia.org.au/ifhaa/bios/elijah.htm , he came from England around 1900. Three generations of his family operated  “E.Thomas Pty. Ltd. Mercers and Men’s Ware” from then until 1980.

E. Storr & Son, Adelaide:

Edwin Storr and his son Francis ran this firm from 1897.

Critic, 29th March 1902.

Chronicle, 29th September 1928

F. A. Johnson, Richmond:

Frederick Adolph Johnson was born in Dunedin, New Zealand in 1888.  From 1930 he lived in Richmond, moving to Morwell around 1939.

F. A. Pearse, Corowa:

Frederick Arthur Pearse (1879-1952) described himself as  an ‘art tailor and mercer” in 1912.  He re-badged himself as a “Ladies’ and Gents’ Modern tailor” and advertised until 1932.

The Corowa Chronicle 1st May 1926.

The Corowa Chronicle 26th November 1927

F. Bourne & Son, Adelaide:

Unley Gallipoli Day program, 12th October 1918.

Frederick Bourne was born in 1855 in Kent and arrived in South Australia in 1873. He started as a tailor in 1888 in Adelaide, then in Kadina and Moonta before moving back to Adelaide in 1903. One of his 5 sons, a George Horation Bourne worked with his father and continued the business after Fred died of injuries sustained when a train hit the car he and three others were traveling in. (All 4 men died as a result of the crash.)

F. Budden & Son, Muswellbrook:

Frank Budden (1861-1939) was in business as a tailor from around 1885. In 1921 he sold the business to his son, Reginald Frank Budden, to be carried on under the name of Frank Budden and Son. The name changed to R. F. Budden & Co in 1933. It was still trading in 1953.

The Muskellbrook Chronicle, 21st December 1923.

The Muskellbrook Chronicle, 21st December 1923.

G. L. Fuller & Co.Ltd.: Sydney

George Lawrence Fuller, son of Sir George Fuller (former N.S.W. premier) listed a company of tailors and mercers in September 1932 with a Mr George Newton. Not suprisingly, they were called Newton & Fuller Limited, operating from 84 Pitt Street, Sydney. The name was changed in November 1934 to G.L.Fuller & Co.Ltd, probably to take full advantage of the upper-class value of his name. The company advertised until 1945, after which George became a member of the Stock exchange, and in 1950 joined the partnership of J.Neil and Fuller. Unfortunately, he died in 1953 at the young age of 49 years.

The Sun (Sydney), 16th April 1935.

26th May 1938 The Bulletin

G. T. Cooper Framlington:

There was a George T. Cooper listed at Camperdown around 1889-1907. No other details have been found.

Guest & Glover: Melbourne

Guest and Glover were tailors from around 1930-1952, at first on the second floor, The Block, then later at 234 Collins Street.

Advocate(Melbourne) 21st June 1934.

Advocate(Melbourne),  21st June 1934.

 G. Waldrop Pty. Limited, Melbourne:

George Waldrop started his tailoring and mercers business around 1885. It was taken over by Roger David Pty. Ltd. in 1977.

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Eltham and Whittlesea Shires Advertiser 14th October 1921

Haigh Brothers:  Melbourne

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Haigh Brothers were tailors and outfitters in Collins Street from 1853 through until at least 1926.

The Argus 18th June 1853.

The Argus 27th November 1923.

Circa 1883.  Collins Street from Town Hall.

Henderson & Goodisson, Bendigo:

Thomas Hope Henderson (1833-1899) and John Ralph Goodisson (1851-1907) took over the drapery and clothing business  in the “Beehive Store” in 1886. 

From Museum Victoria collection.

Mr Henderson was born in Roxburgh, Scotland, and came to Victoria in 1852, settling in Bendigo several years later. Such was the regard held for this well liked man, who had been involved in many public roles in Bendigo, that flags were flown at half mast upon his death and a full sized portrait was commisoned to be displayed in the Bendigo Art Gallery.

After his death, Goodison and members of the Henderson family continued with the store. Mr Goodisson was born in Carnow, Ireland, and came to Victoria in 1870. He retired from the business in 1903, which was continued as Henderson Bros.

The Bendigo Independant, 5th October 1907

1909 advertisement seen on Ebay.

H. J. L. Worthley, Hindmarsh:

Mr H.J.L. Worthley, 1937.

Hercules John Lyall Worthley (1885-1954) worked as a tailor from around 1908. He advertised a ‘tailoring club’ that you could join for 2/6 per week to get “at least one Worthley’s suit a year”. He moved to Hindmarsh in 1909. Around 1928 the business became known as ‘Worthley’s’. it wasn’t until 1984 that ‘Worthleys Tailors Pty Ltd’ went into liquidation.

State Library of SA. Photo from 1956 of the corner of Pirie Street and Gawler Place.

News, 16th September 1936.

 Howes and Howes, Sydney:

The Sun, 8th June 1911.

Howes and Howes opened in Pitt Street  in 1889, and started to be wound up in 1971. One of the original “Howes” was Alfred Howes; the other may have been a brother. His father, George Howes was also a tailor in Sydney from at least 1854, and was considered a father of the  trade in that city, having trained or employed many of the city’s tailors. He died in 1909 at the age of 81 years. Alfred was born in Sydney in 1864,  and died after surgery for appedicitis in 1919. In his will Alfred left the business to be run as a limited company, with his family and old employees as the founding shareholders.

Hughes & Co, Sydney:

Edward Hughes was the owner of this establishment, which operated from Erkine Street, Sydney, from around 1894 to 1931.

The Worker (Wagga Wagga) 17th June 1899.