Sewing Buttons onto Cards:
“Carding” was very poorly paid work, often undertaken by poor women and their children. Many writers railing against sweated labour mentioned the state of these worker in Birmingham, America, and here in Australia.
None the less, some were glad for the work.
Some put a positive spin on the underpayment of women, but not all.
On the “Other Pre-Federation” page ( seehttp://www.ausbuttonhistory.com/?page_id=10901) I mention the notorious story of the ‘Kangaroo Office’, both because of it’s link with Thomas Stokes, and as an interesting story in its own right. The Queenslander newspaper series on Numismatic History in 1895 shed more light on the story, as the author had interviewed Thomas Scaife, one of the managers of this failed mint …
Stokes and Martin:
Examples of the company’s work as illustrated in newspapers: Unless otherwise noted, these illustrations come from a series of articles entitled ‘A Numismatic History of Australia’ that ran in The Queenslander in 1895.
A couple of the approximately 40 Jubilee medals issued in 1887. Many of these were produced by Stokes & Martin.
Coronation medals presented to WA children in 1911.
Army Championships Victoria.
Stokes & Sons
Australian Bicentennial Trade Fair (Brisbane Expo) memorial medallion:
The front of the medallion proudly proclaims that Stokes exhibited at the 1880, 1888, 1980 and 1988 International Trade Fairs. The back shows the Royal Exhibition Buildings as depicted on a 1888 medal, and the name at that time of ‘Stokes & Martin’.
Also from Stokes, a Government of Tasmania uniform button with a King’s Crown:
Speaking of Stokes & Martin, here is one that got away …
First Australian Horse 1897-1903. I wonder if there was an error in the advert, as Stokes and Martin dissolved their partnership in 1893.
The design has a kangaroo and emu supporting a shield emblazoned with the cross of St George and the Southern Cross, with a carbine and sword crossed in front secured by a boomerang.
Carol’s new finds: One of the ducks still has a remnant of wool from the time it was attached on a knitted garment.
Carol’s new finds:
Many of the individual buttons above are Australian made, but not all. here’s details from a couple of Beauclaire adverts from the 1950s:
“C” Day, the day that decimal currency was introduced in Australia, was on the 14th February 1966. The phasing in period was initially planned to be for 2 years, but things went so smoothly that it was shortened to 18 months.