Australian Bicentennial Trade Fair (Brisbane Expo) memorial medallion:
The front of the medallion proudly proclaims that Stokes exhibited at the 1880, 1888, 1980 and 1988 International Trade Fairs. The back shows the Royal Exhibition Buildings as depicted on a 1888 medal, and the name at that time of ‘Stokes & Martin’.
Also from Stokes, a Government of Tasmania uniform button with a King’s Crown:
Speaking of Stokes & Martin, here is one that got away …
First Australian Horse 1897-1903. I wonder if there was an error in the advert, as Stokes and Martin dissolved their partnership in 1893.
The design has a kangaroo and emu supporting a shield emblazoned with the cross of St George and the Southern Cross, with a carbine and sword crossed in front secured by a boomerang.
Carol’s new finds: One of the ducks still has a remnant of wool from the time it was attached on a knitted garment.
Many of the individual buttons above are Australian made, but not all. here’s details from a couple of Beauclaire adverts from the 1950s:
“C” Day, the day that decimal currency was introduced in Australia, was on the 14th February 1966. The phasing in period was initially planned to be for 2 years, but things went so smoothly that it was shortened to 18 months.
PLEASE NOTE THAT THE NEW ADDRESS OF THIS BLOG IS austbuttonhistory.com
Some inspiration for your knitting from the Australian Women’s Weekly, 22nd May 1943:
Carol’s ceramic collection:
Some of these may have been made around 1950 by the unknown Melbourne Company mentioned in the 29th February post. Some may have been made by Anna Louise Alma, a Sydney based Parisian making buttons from around 1947-57. Some may be the work of Stacha Halpern post 1939. They are not Marie Gardner’s. Carol and her husband have an extensive collection of those, and these have different backs and shanks. Who ever made them, they are typical of ceramic and glass buttons being produced post WW2, when other button making materials were in short supply.
I don’t feature recent Beutron buttons as they were made in Thailand, although packed in Australia. However, f or your interest, note the variety of card styles. I am guessing these are late 1980s onwards.
The Newcastle & Hunter River Steamship Company Ltd:
Backmark: D. Jones & Co Sydney
In 1892 this company was formed from the amalgamation of the Newcastle Steamship and the Hunter River Steam Navigation companies. It operated until 1956. It was delisted and became the Southern Shipping Company Limited in 1965. For detailed information and pictures of the fleet see https://www.flotilla-australia.com/nhrsn.htm
By 1904 they provided services between Sydney, Newcastle, Morpeth, Raymond terrace, Miller’s Forest, Paterson and Clarencetown. By 1914 they also serviced Bulahdelah and Port Stephens. The advent of rail and road transport lead to the demise of the company.
The Hunter River Steamship Navigation Company office. Built in 1860 and remodelled in c1890 and 1920. Now part of the Four Points Hotel.
A gold Mickey (mostly worn off) on a yellow background.
A newspaper article about novelty buttons:
From the Albury Banner and Wodonga Express, 15th April 1938:
The term “sooled off” was new to me. It apparently was an Australian slang term meaning to urge or goad, similar to “sick ’em”. The term ‘grotesque’ could mean a comically distorted figure, not only an ugly one. Pictures of a prawn button, the Pop Eye buttons and Mickey and Donald buttons from 1936-1940 Australian advertising are shown below.
I have found a newspaper item that corrected my belief that the casein animal shapes we find were imported (although some were) including the koalas.
The Advertiser, 20th march 1944.
Perhaps these are some examples:
The price of Australian made MOP buttons in 1944.
Three “different” brands with the same design cards and (trust me) identical MOP buttons excepting the right hand ones are 1mm larger in diametre. The name Czechoslavakia dates the cards post 1917. If the buttons were made in Japan, the use of that name as opposed to ‘Nippon’ probably dates them post 1921. So where were they actually made, as why try to sell them as different brands?
They have a subtle impressed design of flowers. This shade was popular in the late 1940s-early 1950s.